Who is at risk? and is there a higher risk of infection at different ages?
MenB can strike at any age, but is most frequent in infants and children less than 5 years of age.
*Contributing countries: Austria, Belgium, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary,Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden,and the United Kingdom
In Ireland, in the first half of 2018, 59 cases of invasive meningococcal disease (IMD), were notified:
The number of IMD cases reported in Q2-2017 (n=20) was greater than the average number reported in the same quarter over the previous three years (average=18.7 95%CI 16.2-21.1); for serogroup B, the average was 12.3 and for serogroup C it was 3.0
What are the symptoms of invasive meningococcal disease (IMD)?
Because early symptoms of meningococcal disease are difficult to distinguish from those of more common but less serious illnesses, appropriate and potentially life-saving treatment options may be delayed, , 
The lack of distinct IMD-specific early symptoms often results in initial misdiagnosis
Intervention often does not occur until identification of later symptoms that are IMD-specific, such as haemorrhagic rash (i.e., rash associated with bleeding under the skin surface) or neck stiffness
What options can help to prevent meningococcal disease?
Keeping up to date with recommended immunisation is the best defence against meningococcal disease. Maintaining healthy habits like getting plenty of rest and not coming into close contact with people who are sick can also help.
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