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Patient heading

Who's at Risk for hepatitis A?

Who's at Risk for
hepatitis A?

Many think hepatitis A is only spread through contaminated food and water, but in the US it is commonly spread from person-to-person.1,2

Get to know who's at risk, why they are at risk, and start to help protect the most vulnerable by vaccinating appropriate patients against hepatitis A.1,2

Patient Profiles:

Hypothetical patient profiles for illustrative purposes only.

ANDREA
RISK FROM
COMMUNITY OUTBREAK

Andrea

Andrea is a healthy adult and has no known risk factors for hepatitis A. However, she is concerned about the possibility of hepatitis A.

Talk to Andrea about ways she can help to protect herself. CDC recommends hepatitis A vaccination (HAV) for adults requesting protection against HAV without knowledge of a risk factor.1,2

BETH
CHRONIC LIVER DISEASE

Beth

Beth has chronic liver disease, which puts her at a higher risk for complications from infection of hepatitis A.1,2

Concerned about the complications that can arise from hepatitis A infection, Beth likes to play it safe and requests a hepatitis A vaccine at her annual physical.

Beth should be vaccinated to help protect against an infection of hepatitis A.

MARK
UNSTABLE HOUSING

Marc

Marc has recently broken up with his partner. His living situation is unstable and he is sometimes living out of his car. In addition, Marc struggles with an opioid addiction and has sexual experiences with Men.

Marc's current situation and risk factors indicate that he should be vaccinated to help prevent hepatitis A infection.1,2

Marc's risk factors include:

  • Unstable housing
  • Drug user
  • Sexual experiences with men

JOHN
INJECTION DRUG USER

John

John is at high risk for hepatitis A. Recently released from prison, John engages in behavior that puts him at risk. He is an injection drug user and has sexual experiences with men.

John's risk factors indicate that he should be vaccinated to help prevent hepatitis A infection.1,2

John's at risk factors include:

  • Recently incarcerated
  • Injection drug user
  • Sexual experiences with men

Is your community at risk for a hepatitis A outbreak?

To see if incidents of hepatitis A are increasing in your community, use the Hepatitis A Incidence Map.

 

References

  1. Widespread person-to-person outbreaks of hepatitis A across the United States. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Reviewed May 3, 2021. Accessed May 5, 2021. https://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/outbreaks/2017March-HepatitisA.htm.
  2. Nelson NP, Weng MK, Hofmeister MG, et al. Prevention of hepatitis A virus infection in the United States: recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices, 2020. MMWR Recomm Rep. 2020;69(No. RR-5):1–38. Accessed May 5, 2021. http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.rr6905a1
  3. Nationally notifiable infectious diseases and conditions, United States: weekly tables. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Accessed May 5, 2021. https://wonder.cdc.gov//nndss/static/2020/53/2020-53-table1p.html.
  4. Recommended adult immunization schedule, United States, 2021. Updated February 11, 2021. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Accessed May 5, 2021. https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/schedules/downloads/adult/adult-combined-schedule.pdf.