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Little Baby

What is rotavirus?

Rotavirus causes a viral infection primarily in the intestine and are the most common cause of gastroenteritis (severe diarrheal infection) in young children throughout the world. 12Children who get rotavirus infection can become dehydrated and may need to be hospitalized 3


How is it spread?

Rotavirus spreads easily among infants and young children. 3 The virus can easily spread through the mouth and spreads by contact with contaminated faeces (poop). 24

This can happen if you put unwashed hands that are contaminated in your mouth, touch contaminated objects or surfaces then put your fingers in your mouth, or eat contaminated food. 4Rotaviruses can be shed for several days in very high concentrations in the faeces and vomit of infected individuals.3People shed the rotavirus the most, and are more likely to infect others, during symptoms and during the first 3 days after they recover. 4People with rotavirus can also infect others before they have symptoms. 4


Who is at risk?

Rotavirus infection is most common in infants and young children. 5Rotaviruses infect nearly every child from the time of birth up to 5 years and are globally the leading cause of severe, dehydrating diarrhea in children under the age of 5 years. 2


What are the symptoms?

Rotavirus infection typically occurs quickly (about 2 days) and is characterized by vomiting and watery diarrhea for 3 to 8 days. 25
The symptoms of rotavirus infection vary, ranging from;

  • severe diarrhea and vomiting causing dehydration, electrolyte imbalances, and shock leading to death 2
  • loose stools
  • loss of appetite can also occur 5
  • abdominal pain
  • Fever

How can you help protect your child?

Rotavirus vaccination can help protect against infection. The rotavirus vaccine can be provided as part of the immunization program. Consult with your healthcare professional for further information.
Good hygiene practices like handwashing and cleanliness, improved water and sanitation are important factors to help control against infection. 1

When should your child receive Vaccination for Rotavirus infection?

1. Human monovalent vaccine (2 doses)
  • 2 and 4 months of age
  • Minimum interval between the doses is 4 weeks.
  • First dose can be given as early as 6 weeks and both doses should be completed before 24 weeks of age.

2. Bovine-human reassortant pentavalent vaccine (3 doses)

  • 2, 4 and 6 months
  • The minimum interval between the doses is 4 weeks.
  • The 3rd dose should not be administered after 32 weeks of age.


Talk to your Doctor for more details 



  1. World Health Organization (WHO), 2018. Immunization, Vaccines and Biologicals - Rotavirus. [last accessed April 2019].
  2. World Health Organization (WHO). Wkly Epidemiol Rec 2013; 88: 49-64
  3. Centers for Infection Control and Prevention (CDC), 2018. Rotavirus - Vaccination. [last accessed April 2019].
  4. Centers for Infection Control and Prevention (CDC), 2018. Rotavirus - Transmission. [last accessed April 2019].
  5. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 2018. Rotavirus - Symptoms. [last accessed April 2019].
HCP with a Baby

Vaccination Schedule


Learn more about the approved Vaccination schedule in Sri Lanka

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Vaccine Guideline by Sri Lanka Medical Association 

Learn more information about vaccine guideline published by the Sri Lanka Medical association

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